GBP Faces Rate Cut Pressure, USD Bears Stand Firm, and EU Confronts Inflation Dilemmas.

GBP: In the dynamic realm of currency markets, all eyes are on the British pound (GBP) as expectations point to a fully priced 25 basis points rate cut during the upcoming August meeting. The collective sentiment anticipates a substantial 71 basis points shaved off the Bank Rate throughout the year. Recent insights from the Bank of England (BoE) suggest a cautionary tone, warning that UK inflation might persist above the target for a more extended period than initially anticipated. This cautious outlook is casting a shadow over expectations for a rate cut in the first half of 2024. Despite BoE Governor Andrew Bailey’s reiterated commitment to bringing inflation down to 2%, the market seems to be more attuned to the robust performance of the US, maintaining a solid lead in the face of global economic uncertainties. BoE pricing currently positions 75 basis points of rate cuts by December 2024, but with the imminent influx of UK economic data starting next week, these forecasts may undergo revision.

USD: The intricate dance between currencies continues as the British pound feels the gravitational pull of the US dollar (USD). Investors, once characterized by a hawkish stance on the Federal Reserve’s interest rate path, are gradually shifting towards a more cautious perspective. This transformation in sentiment is attributed to recent weaker US economic data and dovish commentary from the Federal Reserve. Despite a surprising upside in the second estimate of US GDP during yesterday’s trading session, the market remains resolute in its bearish USD viewpoint. The Federal Reserve’s Beige Book, revealing signs of slowing economic growth and softening prices expected to persist until 2024, reinforces this stance. USD/JPY, which has enjoyed a bullish run since the year’s commencement, has faced recent headwinds in its attempts to breach overhead resistance around the 152.00 region. Accelerated by falling U.S. yields, the pair finds itself at a crucial juncture near the 147.25 floor. The integrity of this technical level is pivotal; a failure to sustain it could trigger a descent towards channel support at 146.00. Further weakness could shift attention to 144.50, adding an additional layer of complexity to the USD’s trajectory.

EUR: Turning our gaze to the Euro (EUR), the upcoming EU inflation data announcement looms large on the horizon. Consensus estimates are indicating another decline in both headline and core measures of inflation. The rate of this decline aligns with market expectations for rate cuts in 2024, mirroring the trajectory anticipated from the Federal Reserve—projecting a reduction of just over 100 basis points. However, the European economy’s resilience pales in comparison to its US counterpart, potentially exacerbating existing economic headwinds and posing a threat to the Euro. The initial impact of the inflation print was overshadowed by an upward revision in US GDP growth for the third quarter, prompting an intra-day dip on the 5-minute time frame. Meanwhile, the daily EUR/USD chart witnesses a pullback today, spurred by hawkish comments from Fed Board Member Waller hinting at the possibility of the first rate cut in the US within the next 3-5 months. The subsequent notable sell-off in the dollar adds a layer of intrigue. The market eagerly awaits tomorrow’s US PCE data, as well as Federal Reserve Chair Powell’s potential response to Waller’s rate cut comments, which could further influence the direction of the EUR/USD pair. The intricacies of the global currency landscape continue to unfold as economic indicators and central bank communications shape market sentiments.

*All rates shown are indicative of interbank rates and should only be used for indication purposes only. It is important to note that foreign exchange rates fluctuate and that rates may vary depending on the amount and the base currency that is purchased or sold. Rates are correct as of 8:00am UK time. CentralFX are not responsible for the rates shown.