Shifting Tides in the Economic Landscape.

The British Pound sets sail into a new trading week on a promising note against the US Dollar, capitalizing on the global sentiment that US interest rates are likely to remain stagnant, with the possibility of a reduction in the first half of 2024. However, this ascent is not without its challenges. While the recent US inflation data supports the narrative of a weaker dollar, the Pound faces headwinds from its domestic economy. The United Kingdom is witnessing signs of weakening inflation, a departure from its longstanding position as a robust outlier among developed economies. Despite the Bank of England’s series of rate hikes over the past year to address inflation, the higher borrowing costs are evidently impacting economic activity, as highlighted by the recent dip in UK retail sales figures. Political instability, as Prime Minister Rishi Sunak grapples with internal party struggles, further clouds the outlook for the Pound. This week, the market may reckon with these complexities, as major scheduled risk events remain sparse, and both the US Federal Reserve and the Bank of England are silent until mid-December.

The US Treasury yields took a sharp nosedive last week, triggered by lower-than-expected US inflation data and an uptick in jobless claims. This combination virtually extinguished the likelihood of further monetary tightening by the US central bank, granting traders the leeway to factor in more aggressive rate cuts for the next year. This downturn in yields had a ripple effect, boosting stocks across the board, propelling the Nasdaq 100 toward its July high. The broader US dollar bore the brunt of this shift, experiencing a nearly 2% decline, with the DXY index approaching its lowest level since early September. Against this backdrop, the EUR/USD pair surged past its 200-day simple moving average, closing at its highest point in nearly three months.

The profound sell-off in the US dollar had a discernible impact across various USD pairs, none more evident than in the EUR/USD, which witnessed a substantial leap during the recent session. With the expectation of a weaker US dollar in the future, positive developments within the Eurozone could propel the pair to fresh multi-month highs in the coming weeks. After a year dominated by global interest rate hikes and hawkish central bank rhetoric, the rates market is now pricing in a potential round of interest rate cuts next year from various central banks. The latest outlook for Euro interest rates suggests a significant possibility of ECB rate cuts next year, with the April meeting emerging as a crucial event. As Euro Area inflation is projected to hit target levels at the end of Q1/start of Q2, upcoming data releases will play a pivotal role in determining when the ECB decides to pull the trigger.

Economic Calendar


*All rates shown are indicative of interbank rates and should only be used for indication purposes only. It is important to note that foreign exchange rates fluctuate and that rates may vary depending on the amount and the base currency that is purchased or sold. Rates are correct as of 8:00am UK time. CentralFX are not responsible for the rates shown.